The only A/B testing tool that won't slow down your website performance. Get started for free.
Get started for FREE
No-code. Free forever.
What is
Min read

What is a Control Group in A/B Experimentation?

Donald Ng
October 25, 2023
5-star rating
Reviews on Capterra

A/B testing is a powerfully efficient method for making improvements to your online products or services. Whether you’re working on a website, an email marketing campaign, or even an ad, A/B testing provides you with the ability to determine the most effective options confidently.

While several components of A/B testing are important, the core revolves around having a control group.

But... what is a control group, though? Control what?

Understanding the Concept of Control Group

The control group in an A/B experiment represents the unchanged or baseline element against which new changes are compared. Think of it as a yardstick against which the effectiveness of the variant (altered version) is measured. It helps you draw a line in the sand about how things currently are before starting on changes—thereby giving you a clear, comparable benchmark.

Importance of a Control Group in A/B Testing

Importance, you ask? Well, imagine testing a new headline for a blog post without having anything to compare it with! A control group enables you to analyze your changes objectively.

Furthermore, in addition to providing comparability, a control group helps identify confounding variables (external factors that might be influencing the result). By comparing the control group and the experimental group, you can properly discern the impact of the changes you’ve implemented and whether any other external factors impacted the results.

Constructing a Control Group

Alright, but how do we construct a control group in an A/B test?

First off, your control group should ideally consist of 50% of your total temp audience split, with the other 50% being the treatment group. This 50/50 split is the most statistically sound approach, though depending on situations, you might wish to adopt different percentages.

The key thing here? Randomness. Your audience must be randomly assigned to control and treatment groups, eliminating biases that can skew results.

Remember, your control group must remain untouched—no alterations, no changes. It should mimic your current design or approach entirely.

How to Utilize the Control Group

The crux of A/B testing is analyzing the difference between the control group and the variant group results. Tools like Google Optimize or can measure performance metrics (click-through rate, bounce rate, etc.) for both groups.

The bottom line is this: if the variant outperforms the control version on the metrics that matter most to you, then you can consider implementing the changes.

Wrapping it Up

A/B testing without a control group is like a ship adrift without a compass. It plays an essential role in benchmarking, mitigating bias, and most importantly, discerning the impact of implemented changes.

Whether it’s your landing page, marketing email, or digital ad campaign, your A/B testing process needs control for relevance, accuracy, and efficacy. If done right, this powerful yardstick could significantly enhance the effectiveness of your online endeavors.

Remember that as you’re ready to take on A/B testing to optimize your digital efforts, the control group is your unwavering beacon—keeping you focused, objective, and purposeful in your decision-making process.

A/B testing platform for people who
care about  website performance

Mida is 10X faster than everything you have ever considered. Try it yourself.